It is no secret that China still the world’s leading nation in terms of volume of manufacturing and trade, thus makes sense that 7 of the 10 busiest ports in the world are located in China. But what does this means for business?
Choosing one city over the other as your manufacturing destination will be based in a wide variety of factors from the suppliers capabilities to the infrastructure available. Nowadays businesses are all looking globally for effective logistics solutions. This is why the ports are very important due that can enhance efficiency, strengthen competitiveness, and achieve synergy effects and economies of scale. Meaning that a city can potentially improve its performance and attract more businesses if it has an adequate infrastructure that can facilitate the business processes.
Here we review the 7 China Manufacturing Cities home of some of the world’s busiest ports:
Shanghai is not only China’s financial hub, but also plays a key role in China’s heavy industry. Steelmakers such as Baosteel Group and Fosun Group both the largest steel makers in the country are based in Shanghai. Automobile manufacturing its another important industry located in Shanghai, Volkswagen and General Motors have their China plants located here. The city is also a leading producer of ethylene, plastics, microcomputers, ICs and mobile phones.
In terms of port usage, the port of Shanghai at the end of 2014 (the latest date on record) accounted a total of 35.29 Million TEUs, continuing holding the first place over Singapore’s port. Shanghai’s port is allocated in a strategic position next to the China Sea and also its gateway of the Yangtze River Delta.
Shenzhen it’s not only the world’s manufacturing hub for electronics but is home for second world’s busiest port. Shenzhen logistics sector is one of the most developed in China. The industry sector acts as a significant support to Shenzhen’s economy, accounting for 40% of the GDP in 2014.
Telecommunications, computers manufacturing and electronics are its major industries. Local and Global brands manufacture in Shenzhen, brands such as ZTE, Huawei, Apple or LG are examples of giants that have chosen this city as their manufacturing destination. And also Walmart has its Asian headquarters and global procurement centre located in this city. In 2014 Shenzhen’s port accounted 24.03 million TEUs.
China’s Special Administration held the first position in terms of TEUs movement from 1999 to 2004, now is the 4th busiest port with a total volume of 22.23 million TEUs.
According to HKTDC the four pillar economic sectors of Hong Kong are: trading and logistics (23.4% of GDP in terms of value-added in 2014), tourism (5.1%), financial services (16.6%), and professional services and other producer services (12.4%). On the other hand, the six industries which Hong Kong has clear advantages for further development are cultural and creative, medical services, education services, innovation and technology, testing and certification services and environmental industries, which together accounted for 9.2% of GDP in terms of value-added in 2014.
This city has experienced a rapid growth thanks to its location nearby and south Shanghai, it is recognised as one of the national logistic hubs in China. The city hosts a variety of industries such as petrochemicals, chemicals, electrical machinery, telecom equipment manufacturing, IT and port-related industries.
The port of Ningbo-Zhoushan its a very rare case of a port merger. And due its intermodal capabilities its able to offer railway services to deliver products to the hinterland which makes it a very popular port in the North of China. Ningbo’s specialized dock for the storage of liquefied chemical products is the largest of its kind in China. In 2014 this port accounted a total of 19.45 million TEUs.
Qingdao is one of the China’s Economic engines, its pillar industries include electronics, petrochemicals, fine chemicals, automobiles, machinery, metallurgy, building materials, biopharmaceuticals, textiles and garments, and food and beverage processing. Thanks to its location it’s considered one of the most important harbour cities in China, and its home of one of the World’s busiest ports, which in 2014 it accounted a 16.62 Million TEUs.
In spite of being landlocked and not having sea access, the capital city of the Guangdong province has one of the world busiest ports, located at the stuary of the Pearl Delta River, in 2014 it accounted a total traffic of 16.16 million TEUs, it offers direct traffic to Taiwan.
Guangzhou is easily accessible by a great number of highways and railways that are integrated with the national network, making the traffic from and to the port easier. Guangzhou’s main industries are automobiles, electronics and petrochemicals. Global brands such as Toyota, Honda and Nissan manufacture several models in here. A comprehensive automobile supply chain has been taking shape in Guangzhou. Alongside the car manufacturing companies like Panasonic, Sony, Ericsson and Haier have set headquarters in the city.
Tianjin port is the Biggest in the North of China, it’s located in the Haibe River Estuary and serves 11 provinces and Mongolia. In 2014 it accounted a total traffic of 14.05 million TEUs, Tianjin aims to become China’s 3rd economical growth driver after Shanghai and Shenzhen.
And by being the cradle of China’s modern mechanic industry and textile industry, Tianjin is an important industrial center in China.
No matter which of the China Manufacturing Cities you decide to use to source or manufacture you products, in China 2 West we have a broad network of operatives working across the main manufacturing regions of the country for ensuring always the best results for your China Manufacturing ventures.